http://sunthosh-formlesspath.blogspot.in/2013/02/a-gnani-is-fully-aware-of-fact-that.html

 



Ashtavkara Gita: – The universe rises from the soul, the innermost self like bubbles from the sea. Thus know the Self to be One and in this way enter into the state of dissolution.”
 
Ashtavkara Gita: – the soul, the innermost self is perfect and the same in misery and happiness, hope and despair, and life and death, therefore in this way enter into the state of dissolution. 
 
The Consciousness alone is supreme and real and nothing else is. All the activities are happening within the practical world. The practical life within the practical world is mere illusion from the ultimate standpoint. Thus whatever is happening within the illusion is called practical truth.   
 
If everything other than consciousness is unreal or illusion then  all the three states are unreal and also   all the activities happening within the waking experience is an illusion.
 
The soul, which is present in the form of consciousness, is Eternal Truth or Brahman. Until Brahma-jnana is attained, one lives in the practical world, thus it is called    practical   truth.
 
The practical world and all the happening within the practical world is practical truth. Practical life within the practical world is True until one attain Self-knowledge or   Brahma Gnana or Atma Gnana.
 
Upon attaining Self-knowledge or Brahma Gnana or Atma Gnana, Consciousness is the only Truth that exists, and nothing else has existed. 
 
Ignorant without a proper understanding it is impossible to realize the non-dualistic or Advaitic truth.  Advaita means there is no second thing exists other than consciousness.
 
 First Mundaka – Chapter 2 (8) Fools, dwelling in darkness, but wise in their own conceit and puffed up with vain scholarship, wander about, being afflicted by many ills, like blind men led by the blind.
 
 
There is no need to give up practical life within the practical world. A Gnani is fully aware of the fact that the practical life within the practical world is mere illusion because he is  immersed  in self-awareness in the midst of duality.
 
 Until one acquires self-knowledge or Brahma Gnana or Atma Gnana practical lie within the practical world seems to be reality. Perfect understanding is needed to Grasp and realize theAdvaitic truth.
 
A beggar sees a dream. In that dream, he saw he was billionaire he was enjoying with his beautiful wife and many children. Beggar neither was billionaire, nor had any wife and children, as depicted in the dream. However, the inference here is that an unreal dream can produce a real event. Similarly the waking experience is also as unreal as dream because thewitness of the three states is not waking entity but the formless soul.  The dream becomes unreal when waking takes place. Similarly the waking becomes unreal when wisdom dawns. The wisdom dawns when waking entity (ego) realizes the fact that, the form, time and space are one in essence. That essence is consciousness.
 
The experience of Birth, life, death is happening within the world. From the ultimate standpoint the world is mere illusion.  Due to ignorance, the illusion is experienced as reality. The illusion is present in the form of ‘I’ or mind. The mind is present in the form of the universe. The universe appears as waking or dream and disappears as deep sleep.   The three states are one in essence and that essence is consciousness. The consciousness (soul) is the innermost self. On the standpoint of the innermost self the three states are illusory. 
Sage Sri, Sankara says :-  The world is illusion, it includes birth, life and death, which happens within the world.  Thus seekers main aim is to mentally trace the formless substance of the illusion, which is also the witness of the illusion. The formless substance and witness of the illusion (world) is the Atman, and this Atman itself is Brahman.  This Brahman cannot be attained by indulging in egocentric religious orthodoxies. The knower of Brahman is Brahmin not the Brahmin who indulges in priest craft, which leads one to utter darkness as per Yajur Veda. 
Brahmin is the one who has realized the Brahman (ultimate truth) and helps fellow seekers towards inner path. The one who knows Brahman knows his body and his experience of the world are mere illusion and also he knows his body and his experience of the world are also as Ataman (consciousness), which is Brahman.  Thus, the priest craft which are crafted on the body based theories will lead one to hallucinated Moksha. But real Moksha or freedom is possible only through nondual wisdom.  
 
The seekers of truth should follow the path of Brahman not the path of the orthodox priest- craft. Only by dropping all the accumulated priest crafted baggage, one has to move forward to reach the nondual destination in lesser time and effort.   

 

 

 

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Self-knowledge Knowledge or Brama Gnana or Atma Gnana has to be acquired in order to unfold the mystery of the mind, which is present in the form of the universe

 



 
First Mundaka – Chapter 2 (8)– Fools, dwelling in darkness, but wise in their own conceit and puffed up with vain scholarship, wander about, being afflicted by many ills, like blind men led by the blind.
 
Modern man appears to have acquired admirable knowledge in various fields of investigation into the material world. Man has to accept the fact that, what has been acquired as scientific knowledge is but infinitesimal or superficial nothing considering to the mystery of his true existence. Above all, the acquired scientific knowledge and power does not quench his inner thirst, to know the spiritual realities of his true existence.
 
Self-knowledge Knowledge or Brama Gnana or Atma Gnana has to be acquired in order to unfold the mystery of the mind, which is present in the form of the universe,  the universe appears as waking or dream and it disappears as deep sleep.
 
The waking experience is but the illusory an expressive imprint of the journey of the Soul or Sprit in its search for the knowledge of itself. The truth manifests in stages according to the receptivity of the aspirant. On the mental plane it manifests as self, which only the realized mind (Gnani) could observe it. On the physical plane it is as an advanced seeker or perfect man of knowledge. His very presence among men awakens them to the awareness of what theyshould and may become.
 
The Self knowledge or Brama Gnana or Atma Gnana comes acquired through soulcentricreasoning, not by intuition, love and inspiration. It is the soulcenticity makes one transcend the dominion of egocentric intellect and gain the state of complete annihilation of the false self (waking entity) and false experience (waking), and it is the state that ends with the union withthe true self, which is the soul or Atman or spirit or consciousness.
 
Soulcentric  reasoning makes one remember the eternal true identity and making him feel less bound, in his onward march, by the trammels of physical limitation, till he reaches where hecan raise himself  to the realization of the ultimate truth or Brahman. When the self makes itself free from all the manifoldness of the experience of diversity, it is able to view and the judge theillusory experience of duality on the base of the its formless nondual true nature. Then only it is possible to realize there is no second thing other then the Ataman or consciousness in the whole experience of diversity. Thus one can conclude that, the whole waking experience is only a mental state, which disappears and reappears.
 
The first begins with gnosis and ends with the complete passing away of total annihilation of the waking experience (universe or mind or I).
 
The second begins with at the moment of the annihilation of the experience of diversity (I) succeeded by abiding or the union of the mind (I) its nondual substance, which is the true self. The union with the substance is the self realization or self knowledge.
 
The aspirant who gets the self knowledge becomes an emblem of perfection and able to view and judge the three states  from the standpoint of the formless nondual true identity, and realizes the fact that there is no second thing other then the Ataman or spirit in the whole experience of diversity. The whole experience is a mere mirage created out of the single substance therefore  the  waking experience has no reality in it, when it is viewed and judged on the base of Ataman.
 
The third journey begins from the base of the soul, the innermost  self and ends with the state ofthe perfect nondual-hood. He who comes to the final journey becomes the center of the experience of diversity form where it has been erupted. Thus he becomes free from the burden and bondage of the experience of diversity (I) in the midst of the experience of diversity consciously.
 
The aspirant while undergoing all these stages in the pursuit of truth has to pass through various level of understanding and cross all the fatter and obstacles to real his nondualdestination
 
 
Kena Upanishad (3) Chapter II – He by whom Brahman is not known, knows It; he by whom It is known, knows It not. It is not known by those who know It; It is known by those who do not know It.
 

 

Kena Upanishad (4) Chapter II Brahman is known when It is realised in every state of mind; for by such Knowledge one attains Immortality. By Atman one obtains strength; by Knowledge, Immortality
 
Kena Upanishad (5) Chapter II – If a man knows Atman here, he then attains the true goal of life. If he does not know It here, a great destruction awaits him. Having realised the Self in every being, the wise relinquish the world and become immortal.
 
Advaita only means negation of duality. The soul, which is present in the form of consciousness, is ultimate truth or Brahman. The consciousness is the cause of the origin, maintenance, and withdrawal of the universe is Advaita (i.e. non-dual), it means that theconsciousness transcends all conceptions, positive and negative. Nothing positive can ever be imagined or said about it. 
 
The consciousness is existence absolute, awareness absolute.  Existence absolute means that consciousness is not unreal or non-existent. And it is not unconsciousness.  Nothing positive can be stated about consciousness. 

 

 

 

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To realize the Advaitic truth the seeker has to be free from all superstitions and orthodox contamination.

 


Sage Sri, Sankara’s Supreme Brahman is impersonal, Nirguna (without Gunas or attributes), Nirakara (formless), Nirvisesha (without special characteristics), immutable, eternal and Akarta (non-agent). It is above all needs and desires. It is always the Witnessing Subject. It can never become an object as It is beyond the reach of the senses. Brahman is non-dual, one without a second. It has no other beside it. It is destitute of difference, either external or internal. Brahman cannot be described, because description implies distinction. Brahman cannot be distinguished from any other than It. In Brahman, there is not the distinction of substance and attribute. Sat-Chit-Ananda constitute the very essence or Svarupa of Brahman, and not just Its attributes. The Nirguna Brahman of Sankara is impersonal.


Self –knowledge or Brahma Gnana or Atma Gnana is inexhaustible wealth. Other wealth disappears as one spends, but with the Self –knowledge or Brahma Gnana or Atma Gnana, the more one shares more he gains.  
 

The self is not the ‘I’.  ‘I’ is present in the form of mind. The origin of mind is soul. The mind is present in the form of the universe. The soul is present in the form of consciousness.  The root of the universe is consciousness. 
  
The origin of mind is the soul. The soul is the innermost Self. The formless soul is present in the form of consciousness. 
It is erroneous to   hold “Brahman =I” as some of the gurus hold because the ‘I’ itself is an illusion.It is consciousness which being divided into parts, and viewed from the standpoint of the waking entity or ego, which is the false self within the false experience (waking). In reality there is no division in consciousness. Therefore the form, time and space mere illusion created out of consciousness. In reality the form, time and space are one in essence. 
 
Only through Self-knowledge or Brahma Gnana or Atma Gnana negation of duality is possible. The soul, which is present in the form of consciousness, is ultimate truth or Brahman. The consciousness is the cause of the origin, maintenance, and withdrawal of the universe is Advaita (i.e. non-dual), it means that the consciousness transcends all conceptions, positive and negative. Nothing positive can ever be imagined or said about it.  The consciousness is existence absolute, awareness absolute.  The existence absolute means that consciousness is not unreal or non-existent. And it is not unconsciousness.  Nothing positive can be stated about consciousness.
  
The consciousness can be seen in all the three states because the three states are an illusion created out of consciousness.   The waking, the dream (duality) and the deep sleep (non-duality).   
  
The soul, the innermost self is present in the form of  pure consciousness or objectless awareness. Objectless Awareness is the real nature of the soul, the innermost Self.
  
Consciousness is ultimate truth or Brahman. Reality is very clearly defined and it has a specific significance. It means, “That which exists in all the three states of consciousness (waking state, dream state and deep-sleep state) undergoing any change.in the realm  of truth the three states are one in essence. That essence is consciousness, therefore the soul, which is present in the form of consciousness, is absolute Reality. The soul, the innermost self is birthless, deathless and changeless is ultimate reality or Brahman. It is necessary to realize the fact that ‘I’ itself is an illusion in order to realize the universe is an illusion”.
  
The universe appears “real” only in the “waking experience;” but it is it disappears in the dream and deep-sleep states. The three states are one in essence. Therefore all the three states are mere mirage created out of single essence. That essence is consciousness. Thus on the standpoint of the soul, the innermost self the three states are unreal. 
   
Swami Vivekananda: – The Higher your ideal is, the more miserable you are,’ for such a thing as an ideal cannot be attained in the world — or in this life, even. He who wants perfection in the world is a madman — for it cannot be. How can you find the infinite in the finite? 
  
It has not been possible to preach Advaitic Truth entirely free from the settings of dualistic weakness it has not been more operative and useful to mankind at large because only few will be able to grasp and realize it.
  
To realize the Advaitic Truth a freer and fuller scope the seeker has to realize the form, time and space are one in essence. And that essence is consciousness. And the soul, the innermost self is present in the form of consciousness. 
  
To realize the Advaitic truth the seeker has to be free from all superstitions and orthodox contamination. The seeker has to be dedicated to acquire Self-knowledge or Brahma Gnana or Atma Gnana   alone.’
  
A  Gnani will easily appreciate the high flights of Sage Sri, Sankara’s Advaitic wisdom is one of the ‘most majestic structures and valuable products of the Genius of man in his search for Truth.

 

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The objective world-the world of names and forms-has no independent existence. The Atman alone has real existence. The world is only phenomenal.

 

 

 
There is only one Reality to be known, the same for all seekers, but the ways to it, are hidden by the religion.  Self-discovery is the only way, towards non-dual Absolute without any religious doctrines, which will help the seekers to unfold the mystery of the illusion in which we all are searching the truth of our true existence.

The beliefs of god, religion, yoga are based on the false self, is nothing to do with the mental (inner) journey.   The religious, rituals, worships, prayers god and guru glorification may be useful in the worldly life, for those  who believes in the birth, life, death and the world as reality, but they are not useful tools in realizing the ultimate truth. On the base of consciousness (soul) as self, everything other than the consciousness is mere mirage.  Thus, man and his experience of the world and his belief of god and religion are part and parcel of the mirage created out of consciousness.  

Arguing with believers is fruitless. Belief in tradition and scripture as if they were true or factual quite clearly is delusion, but the payoff for holding such delusions is, for those who hold them, extremely compelling–the avoidance of the “wrath of God,” the hope of heaven or salvation, or the imagined “end of suffering.”

When Sage Sri, Sankara says the world is illusion, it includes birth, life and death, which happens within the world.  Thus seekers main aim is to mentally trace the formless substance of the illusion, which is also the witness of the illusion. The formless substance and witness of the illusion (world) is the Atman, and this Atman itself is Brahman.  This Brahman cannot be attained by indulging in egocentric religious orthodoxies. The knower of Brahman is Brahmin not the Brahmin who indulges in priest craft, which leads one to utter darkness as per Yajur Veda. 

Sage Sri, Sankara’s supreme Brahman is Nirguna (without the Gunas), Nirakara (formless), Nirvisesha (without attributes) and Akarta (non-agent). He is above all needs and desires. Sage Sri, Sankara says, “This Atman is self-evident. This Atman or Self is not established by proofs of the existence of the Self. It is not possible to deny this Atman, for it is the very essence of he who denies it. The Atman is the basis of all kinds of knowledge. The Self is within, the Self is without, the Self is before and the Self is behind. The Self is on the right hand, the Self is on the left, the Self is above and the Self is below”.

 

Satyam-Jnanam-Anantam-Anandam are not separate attributes. They form the very essence of Brahman. Brahman cannot be described, because description implies distinction. Brahman cannot be distinguished from any other than He.
 
 
The objective world-the world of names and forms-has no independent existence. The Atman alone has real existence. The world is only phenomenal.
 
 
Sage Sri, Sankara was the exponent of the Kevala Advaita philosophy. His teachings can be summed up in the following words:
 

 

Brahma Satyam Jagat Mithya,

 


Jeevo Brahmaiva Na Aparah
 

 

Brahman alone is real, this world is unreal; the Jiva is identical with Brahman.

 

 

 

Sage Sri, Sankara said :-  Just as the snake is superimposed on the rope, this world and this body are superimposed on Brahman or the soul, the innermost self. If one gets knowledge of the rope, the illusion of the snake will vanish. Even so, if he gets knowledge of Brahman, the illusion of the body and the world will vanish. 

The snake is only an idea: it disappears on inquiry but deeper self-search reveals the fact that,   the rope is also an idea and its reality will be exposed when wisdom dawns. There is neither snake nor the rope in reality because from ultimate standpoint the duality is mere mirage created out of consciousness. 

Consciousness is the root element of the universe. From consciousness the universe comes into existence. In the consciousness the universe resides. And into the consciousness the universe is dissolved.   Consciousness is the parent of all that is there is.




Until one acquires self-knowledge or Brahma –Gnana or Atma Gnana practical lie within the practical world seems to be reality. Perfect understanding is needed to Grasp and realize the Advaitic truth.

A beggar sees a dream. In that dream, he saw he was billionaire he was enjoying with his beautiful wife and many children. Beggar neither was billionaire, nor as any wife and children, as depicted in the dream. However, the inference here is that an unreal dream can produce a real event. Similarly the waking experience is also as unreal as dream because the witness of the three states is not waking entity but the formless soul.  The dream becomes unreal when waking takes place. Similarly the waking becomes unreal when wisdom dawns. The wisdom dawns when waking entity (ego) realizes the fact that, the form, time and space are one in essence. That essence is consciousness.

 

The experience of Birth, life, death is happening within the world. From ultimate standpoint the world is mere illusion.  Due to ignorance, the illusion is experienced as reality. The illusion is present in the form of ‘I’ or mind. Mind is present in the form of universe. Universe appears as waking or dream and disappears as deep sleep.   The three states are one in essence and that essence is consciousness. The consciousness (soul) is the innermost self. On the standpoint of the innermost self the three states are illusory. 
Thus experiencing the birth, life, death and the world within the illusion (waking or universe) with the illusory self (waking entity or ego), within the illusory experience (waking), has to be illusion. 
 

 

The illusion is created, and sustained, and finally dissolves as consciousness, which is the innermost Self.  Since, there is no second thing other than the consciousness (soul); the consciousness itself is ultimate truth or Brahman.   The one who has realized this truth for him this illusion is passing show because he is fully aware of the fact that his body, his ego and his experience of the world to be consciousness. 

Practical peoples approach is more practical, and they are stuck with the reality of the practical life within the practical world, they take it as real whereas Gnani sees   his body his ego and his experience of the world as consciousness. 

Non-dualistic or Advaitic truth cannot be shaken in any manner. It becomes difficult to understand, assimilate and realizing due they base their judgement on the waking entity (ego) which is the false self within the false experience (waking). When the self is neither the waking entity nor the self the dream entity but the self is the formless soul, which is present in the form of consciousness. The formless   witnesses the coming and going of the three states. The formless witness and the three states are one in essence. That essence is consciousness. Therefore there is no second thing exists other than consciousness. Thus consciousness is ultimate truth or Brahman. Brahman is God. 

 

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Swami Vivekananda says: – The word Hindu is a misnomer; the correct word should be a Vedantins, a person who follows the Vedas.

 

 

 
Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru: – The word Hindu can be earliest traced to a source a tantrik in 8th century and it was used initially to describe the people, it was never used to describe religion. (The discovery of India” on page -74 and -75) 
 
According to Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru Its connection with religion is of late occurrence. The word Hinduism is derived from the word Hindu.
 
The word Hinduism was first used by the English writers in the 19th century to describe the multiplicity of faiths of the people of India.
 
In Encyclopaedia Britannica it says: – The word Hinduism was first used by the Britishwriters in the year 1830 to describe the multiplicity of the faiths of the people of Indiaexcluding the converted Christians. (Volume -20, Reference -581)
 
The word Hinduism is a misnomer.
 
Swami Vivekananda says: – The word Hindu is a misnomer; the correct word should be a Vedantins, a person who follows the Vedas.
 
The word Hinduism is a misnomer.
 
Aryans were an ancient people who originally inhabited Central Asia and later migrated southwards to the regions stretching from Iran to northwest India. These early Aryans had a similar language, race, culture, and religion with many variations. The Aryans influenced by the Dravidic-culture and in later centuries other peoples also invaded and migrated to Indiabringing other influences and mixing many cultures ideology and beliefs. 
 
Ancient peoples of India belong to Vedic religion or Santana Dharma therefore they have nothing to do with the present day Hinduism. The ancient peoples of Indus Valley or undivided India called Hindus by Muslim Invaders. 
 
Vedic religion or Santana Dharma is not Hinduism. The word Hindu came originated from the word Sindhu which is another name for the river Indus. May be people who stayed along the Sindhu (Indus) valley came to be known as Hindus. 
 
An exact date of the birth of Santana Dharma cannot be given.  They say that Santana Dharma is as old as planet earth. Some claims it is 5000 to 7000 years old Ancient India consisted of indigenous people.  Aryans, Dravidian, Jews, Christian and Muslims   have invaded India and all ingenious people were converted to different faith time to time.  Thus Hinduism is group ofdifferent caste, creed and faith.
 
The Hindus believed in polytheism, believing all of their Gods to be separate individuals, which were introduced much later by the founders of Hinduism which contains diverse beliefs caste and creed.  
 
The term ‘Hindu’ is originally a geographical nomenclature. In the Arabic texts where the term ‘Hindu’ is initially used, refers to the inhabitants of the Indian subcontinent, the land across the Sindhu or Indus River. Al-Hind was, therefore, a geographical identity, and the Hindus were all the people who lived on this land.
 
Thus, the term ‘Hindu’ was used to describe those who professed a religion other than Islam and Christianity. It is also noteworthy that the use of the word ‘Hindu’ in non-Islamic sources is known probably only from the 15TH century A.D.
 
The term ‘Hindu’ became a term of administrative convenience when the rulers of Arab, Turkish, Afghan and Mughal origin ― all Muslims ― had to differentiate between ‘the believers’ and the rest.
 
It is a well-known fact that, the Vedic people not only did not identify themselves Hindus but also did not possess the essential characteristics of the Hinduism. However, in order tolegitimise the antiquity of Hinduism, Maharishi Sri, Dayananda Saraswathi (1824-1883)founder of Arya Samaj insisted on ‘going back to the Vedas’.
 
Aurobindo Ghose (1872-1950) believed that the Vedas are the foundation of the Sanatana Dharma.
Santana Dharma meaning that has no beginning or an end, righteousness for ever. Today going to a temple would make one a follower of Hinduism.
 
The Book of Manu was made Manu Dharma Shastra.   The Book of Manu was a book originated in India in and around 9th century A.D. This book of Manu was given a false spiritual interpretation by orthodoxy. And this book was projected as ‘Manu Dharma Shastra’ by orthodoxy. It is the Manu Dharma Shastra is the foundation and cause for caste discrimination.
 
The orthodox cults which have taken upon the responsibility to maintain, propagate and perpetuate the authority of caste discriminating principle called Manu Dharma Shastra.
 
This caste discrimination led into umpteen numbers of castes and sub-castes within the Indian population. Today because of this caste discrimination   make the Hindus to hate each other, fight each other therefore there is no unity among the Hindus.
 
This caste discriminating tool is used by the modern day politicians to divide and destroy the social fabric of India.  The politicians and the orthodox cults preserve and promote Varnashrama Dharma for their own advantage, which is non-Vedic. Orthodox cults and the politicians glorify, preserve, enforce and perpetuate caste discrimination in India.

Vedas are not the important sacred scriptures for the Hindus. The Vedas as a body of scripture contain many contradictions and they are fragmentary in nature. For most Hindus of today, scriptures like the Bhagavad-Gita, Ramayana, Mahabharata and Puranas are more attractive and appealing than the Vedas. In addition, the gods and goddesses they worship differ considerably from the Vedic ones.
 
The collection of hymns called Vedas written in praise of certain deities by poets over several centuries does not seem to have much significance for the Hindus of today. Most Vedic gods do not find a place in Hinduism.
 
Maharishi Dayananda Saraswathi fonder of Arya Samaj  was the first thinker and reformer to emphasise the importance of ‘going back to the Vedas’ in order to bring about social reforms in society and to purify Hinduism of its many aberrations. Hinduism is ‘Puranic based’. Vedic Gods like Indra, Varuna, Agni, Soma and the like, whom the Vedic people worshipped, hardly have any significance in Hinduism.
 
Reincarnation was not a Vedic belief.  Belief in reincarnation which is central to Hinduism of today is not really attested to in the Vedas, though they hint at life after death. The doctrine of transmigration as elaborated in Hinduism has no place in the Vedic hymns”. In the early Vedic literature, there is no express mention of the doctrine of transmigration.
 
It is in the Upanishads that it appears for the first time. The Rig Veda speaks of two paths for the souls of the deceased, namely, the path of the gods (devayana) and the path of the fathers (pitriyana). Those who go by the former enjoy immortality and there is no return tophysical life after that.
 
In fact, the Vedic man longed for this state of life. Whereas those who go by the latter path, unite with the fathers and then return to earth, after having enjoyed the fruits of his deeds.
 
 Rig Veda ― consisting of about 10,500 verses ― there is only one occasion where there is mention of a return to this world after death. What is implied here is that it cannot be taken as an important teaching of the Rig Veda.
 
The Avatara and caste system are not Vedic in origin.  The theory of Avatara (‘descend’) of gods which is very important to modern Hinduism is non-Vedic. The term Avatara (…) is not found in the earlier Vedic texts, and is absent from the older Sanskrit glossaries”.
 
The caste system which is so integral to Hinduism was also not practiced in the Vedic times. There is hardly any evidence of rigid caste system in the Vedas. It is argued that the purushasukta hymn of the Rig Veda (X.90)which is often referred to in order to give a religious sanction to castesystem was a later interpolation. The Vedas, however, speak of variousclasses of people, which appear to have been names of professions, and they were not hereditary.
 
“The very concept of castes by birth, upper/lower castes, superior/inferior castes, outcastesuntouchables, Dalits, etc. are clearly prohibited by Rigveda”.
 
Taboo on cow slaughter is not Vedic in origin.  The taboo on cow slaughter and beef eating did not exist in Vedic times. Criteria like taboo on beef-eating or belief in reincarnation might stamp the Vedic seers as non-Hindus”. The question whether the Vedic people practiced cow slaughter is debated among Hindu traditionalists. The cow was a sacred animal that the authors of the Vedas sacrificed cows and ate beef on special occasions. This argument only substantiates the view that cow was not an inviolable animal and that beef eating was not a taboo in Vedic times.
 
As is clear from the above, several aspects that are intrinsic to the Hinduism of today, such as, the doctrine of re-incarnation, avatars (‘descent’) of gods,  caste system, taboo oncowslaughter and beef eating were absent in the Vedic religion. It was shownby a critical study of the Vedas that the Aryans had no developed idea ofcaste system, (.…)  The taboo on the use of beef was shown to be of later origin, that the cow was freely killed for ceremonial and other purposes in ancient India”.
 
Vedic religion or Santana Dharma is distinct from the Hinduism .The Vedic religion or Santana Dharma deserves to be treated on its own as a distinct religion with its own sacred texts, rites, rules of social life, beliefs and practices without inter-linking it with Hinduism. Perhaps it isright to maintain that the Mimamsa School which is concerned with the investigation of the Vedic texts, their correct interpretation and the meticulous performance of the Vedic rituals and ceremonies has preserved and defended a part of the heritage of the Vedic tradition.
 
The Vedanta school also may have received a part of the inspiration from the Vedas. For the rest of the Hindu philosophical schools and religious sects, the influence of the Vedas isnominal. However, in as much as elements from the Vedas have influenced some aspects of Hinduism, it may be considered as one of the many factors influencing  Hinduism.
 
But by no means can it be maintained that Hinduism has its direct ancestry in the Vedic religion or Santana Dharma. Therefore, Hinduism of Vedic times is an imagined community.Hinduism is of a much later origin, and a historical view of Indian religions would endorse a dichotomy between Vedic religion or Santana Dharma and contemporary Hinduism.
 
Hinduism does not have a long ancestry as is often presumed or propagated by the Hindu ideologues. In fact, historically, religions like Buddhism and Jainism can claim greater antiquity than the Hinduism of today. Hinduism began to take a systematic form from the time of Sage Sri, Sankara (8th century A.D). In this sense, he may be considered as the ‘founder’ of Hinduism.
 
 Thus Hinduism came to existence with its own code of conduct beliefs, rituals after 8thcentury.    Hinduism as one knows today is of recent origin. He states: “Hinduism did not really achieve its status as a coherent, though still baffling, religious complex until after the establishment of the British rule in India.
 
In discussing the Vedic religion it is also to be remembered that in the course of history, many non-Aryan elements entered into the Vedic religion. The Vedic Aryans freely borrowed elements from the culture and the society around them. But we cannot say with precision, which are the non-Aryan elements in the Vedic religion. Therefore, the thesis of the direct ancestry of Hinduism of today from Vedic religion is to be considered as a myth purported byorthodoxy.
 
Temple worship, pilgrimages, the Gods and Goddesses are important to the Hindus. Hindu Gods are Rama, Krishna, Kali, Ganesh, Hanuman, Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva and the respective consorts of the last three, namely, Saraswathi, Lakshmi and Shakti. None of these deities figured prominently in the Vedic pantheon and some of them are clearly non-Vedic. The majorGods of Hinduism like Vishnu and Shiva are non-Aryan in origin. Though they may have belonged to the Vedic tradition they played no major role in the Vedas. The more importantreligious sects among the Hindus, like Vaishnavism, Saivism and so on, did not have a Vedic origin, but had come into existence in much recent times.
 
Originally Shiva and the cult of the Mother Goddess belonged to the religion of the Indus Valley people. As one goes in deeper in the annals of  the Indian  religious history  Vishnu and Shiva cult is a melting of at least two cultures, if not three, namely, the Aryan culture, the pre-Aryan culture of the Ganges Valley and the Indus Valley culture. These three cultures were closelyknit by the first century of Christianity and in the later period underwent further developments, and probably also a fourth tradition of the indigenous tribes that stood outside the four classes of the caste system as outcastes.
 
Vedic worshipper did not use temples and idols as Hindus of today do. For them, the sacrificial rituals were more important than temple or idol worship the major Hindu feasts of today are based on the epic feats of Rama and Krishna and the Puranic lore pertaining to Shiva and the Goddess.
 
Hindus are idol worshipers of the large number of Gods and Goddesses whereas the in Vedasthe God has been described as:- 
 
v  Sakshi (Witness)
 
v  Chetan (conscious)
 
v  Nirguna (Without form and properties)
.
v  Nitya (eternal)
 
v  Shuddha (pure)
 
v  Buddha (omniscient)
 
v   Mukta (unattached).
 
The nature of the Atman (soul) is:-  
v  Witness
 
v  conscious
 
v  Without form and properties
 
v  eternal
 
v  pure
 
v  omniscient
 
v  unattached
 
Thus it refers to formless and attributeless God, which is the Atman (soul), the innermost selfwithin the false experience. Thus it indicates clearly all the Gods with form and attributes are mere imagination based on the false self.  Thus Atman or soul, the innermost self is God. 
 
The Vedas do not talk about idol worship. In fact, till about 2000 years ago followers of Vedism never worshipped idols. Idol worship was started by the followers of Buddhism andJains.  There is logic to idol worship. Vedas speak of one God that is the supreme self in i.e.Atman or soul but Hinduism indulges in worshiping 60 million Gods.
 
That is why Swami Vivekananda:-
 
The masses in India cry to sixty million gods, and still die like dogs. Where are these gods?

 Knowing this, stand up and fight! Not one step back that is the idea. … Fight it out, whatever comes. Let the stars move from the sphere! Let the whole world stand against us! Death means only a change of garment. What of it? Thus fight! You gain nothing by becoming cowards. … Taking a step backward, you do not avoid any misfortune. You have cried to all the gods in the world. Has misery ceased? The masses in India cry to sixty million gods, and still die like dogs. Where are these gods? … The gods come to help you when you havesucceeded. So what is the use? Die game. … This bending the knee to superstitions, this selling yourself to your own mind does not befit you, my soul. You are infinite, deathless, birthless. Because you are infinite spirit, it does not befit you to be a slave. … Arise! Awake! Stand up and fight! Die if you must. There is none to help you. You are the entire world. Who can helpyou? 
 Swami Vivekananda 
(Delivered In San Francisco, on May 28, 1900) -The Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda/Volume 1/Lectures And Discourses/The Gita II
 
As indicated in ISH Upanishads: – By worshipping gods and goddesses you will go after death to the world of gods and goddesses. But will that help you? The time you spend there is wasted, because if you were not there you could have spent that time moving forward towards Self-knowledge, which is your goal. In the world of gods and goddesses you cannot do that, and thus you go deeper and deeper into darkness.
 
It clearly indicates that:-If the human goal is to acquire Self-Knowledge then why one has to indulge in rituals and glorifying the conceptual gods, goddesses and gurus to go in to deeper darkness. Instead   spend that time moving forward towards Self-knowledge, which is one’s prime goal.   
 
Since it is eternal and infinite, it comprises the only truth. The goal of Vedic religion, through the various yogas, is to realize that the consciousness (Atman) is actually nothing but Brahman.
 
The Vedic pantheon of gods is said, in the Vedas and Upanishads, to be only higher manifestations of Brahman. For this reason, “ekam sat” (all is one), and all is Brahman.
 
Thus, the goal is to realize Atman (consciousness).  If Atman (consciousness) is nothing but Brahman and by realizing Atman (consciousness) as Brahman (ultimate truth) is truth realization or Self-Realization , then there is no need to follow religion, study scriptures or glorifying gods or  gurus and  follow the path of doubts and confusion by losing oneself in the labyrinths of philosophy, when there is an easier path.  By mentally tracing the source of the mind from where it rises and subsides one becomes aware of the fallacy of the mind, which rises as waking or dream and subsides as deep sleep.  The mind raises form consciousness and subsides as consciousness.
 
Yajurveda says: – 
 
If one worships God:-   
 
Translation 1.
 
They enter darkness, those who worship natural things (for example air, water, sun, moon, animals, fire, stone, etc.).
 
They sink deeper in darkness those who worship sambhuti. (Sambhuti means created things, for example table, chair, idol etc.) – (Yajurveda 40:9)
 
Translation 2.
 
“Deep into shade of blinding gloom fall asambhuti’s worshippers. They sink to darkness deeper yet who on sambhuti are intent.(“Yajurveda Samhita by Ralph T. H. Giffith pg 538)
 
Translation 3.
 
“They are enveloped in darkness, in other words, are steeped in ignorance and sunk in the greatest depths of misery who worship the uncreated, eternal prakrti — the material cause of the world — in place of the All-pervading God, But those who worship visible things born of the prakrti, such as the earth, trees, bodies (human and the like) in place of God are enveloped in still greater darkness, in other words, they are extremely foolish, fall into an awful hell of pain and sorrow, and suffer terribly for a long time.” -(Yajur Veda 40:9.)
 
So, Yajur Veda indicates that:- 
 
They sink deeper in darkness those who worship sambhuti. (Sambhuti means created things, for example table, chair, idol etc. – (Yajurved 40:9)
 
Those who worship visible things born of the prakrti, such as the earth, trees, bodies (human and the like) in place of God are enveloped in still greater darkness, in other words, they are extremely foolish, fall into an awful hell of pain and sorrow, and suffer terribly for a long time.”-(Yajur Veda 40:9.)
 
The Hindus believed in polytheism, believing all of their Gods to be separate individuals, which were introduced much later by the founders of Hinduism which contains diverse beliefs caste and creed.  
 
 When the religion of the Veda knows no idols then why so many gods and goddesses with different form and name are being propagated as Vedic gods. Why these conceptual gods are introduced when the Vedic concept of God is free from form and attributes. 
 
Vedic religion was modified and reintroduced with new add-ons   by Sri, Sankara a great Advaita Master to uplift the Vedic culture and Santana Dharma ,  which were in ruins in the clutches of Buddhism. 18 puranas are introduced in the name of Veda Vyasa not by Sri, Sankara but someone else because the Puranic gods are non-Vedic Gods. Worship of Such gods are barred Vedas.  
 
 As one goes deeper in the annals of the history, it indicates the fact that somewhere someone has added the puranas in the name of Veda Vyasa the grand master of Vedas. It is impossible to accept and believe that Veda Vyasa authored and introduced puranas which has all conceptual gods.
 
In the year 1794 A.D. Sir William Jones, the European chief justice of the then Supreme Court of India at Calcutta, coined the new term Hinduism for the caste discriminating principle of Varnashrama Dharma originated on the basis of Manu Dharma Śāstra.
 
(Sir William Jones spent 11 years on the Supreme Court of Calcutta were highly productive ones, and he applied democratic principles to his judicial decisions. The six charges Jones made to the Calcutta Grand Jury during that period helped determine the course of Indian jurisprudence as well as preserve the rights of Indian citizens to trial by jury, as Jones considered Indians to be equal under the law with Europeans.
 
His most famous accomplishment in India was establishing the Asiatic Society of Bengal, in January of 1784. The founding of the Society grew out of Jones’s love for India, its people and its culture, as well as his abhorrence of oppression, nationalism and imperialism. His goal for the Society was to develop a means to foster collaborative international scientific and humanistic projects that would be unhindered by social, ethnic, religious and political barriers. Through the Society, Jones hoped to make Oriental studies much more attractive to people from the West. As a result, Jones exerted a substantial influence on the academic and literary disciplines in Western Europe. He would remain the Society’s president until he died.
 
In addition to establishing the Society, Jones felt compelled to learn Sanskrit so that he could better prepare himself to understand Hindu and Muslim laws. This led to an enormous personal project: the compilation of all such laws. The task was so huge that he was unable to complete it before he died. However, he did publish portions, including Institutes of Hindu Law, or the Ordinances of Menu, Mohammedan Law of Succession to Property of Intestates and Mohammedan Law of Inheritance. He also published numerous works about India, covering a variety of topics including law, art, music, literature, botany and geography.)
 
The term Hindu religion is totally a new name which cannot be found in any Indian literature prior to 1794 A.D. Out of the five Indian religions of Buddhism, Jainism, Saivism, Vaishnavism and Sikhism; Saivism and Vaishnavism were brought under the Varnashrama principle.
 
After naming the discriminating principle of casteism of Manu Dharma as Hindutva, the religions of Saivism and Vaishnavism, which were enslaved to the caste discriminating principles, were given a new name as ‘Hindu Religion’! Thus, Hindu religion is different from Sanatana Dharma or Vedic religion.
 
The term Hinduism came into existence in British rule. Hinduism is caste discriminating principle of Varnashrama Dharma based on of the Book of Manu.  
 
After 1750 A.D., Europeans captured certain parts of India and started ruling those areas. The capital of the then British India was Calcutta the present day Kolkata.
 
The Britishers were duty bound to administer justice to the people living within their dominion. Thus, they set up courts of justice. They needed laws to administer justice through the courts.
 
To administer justice to the Christian citizens of India living within their dominion, there was Christian Law, based on Biblical principles.
 
To administer justice to the Muslim citizens of India living within their dominion, there was Islamic Law, based on Quranic principles. But to administer justice to non-Christian and non-Islamic citizens living in British dominion, there was no law book. This created problems for the Britishers.
 
At this time, Sir William Jones was appointed as the chief justice of the Supreme Court at Calcutta. Local pundits made Sir William Jones believe that the book of Manu was the law book for the people of India.
 
Sir William Jones believed pundits and translated the book of Manu from Sanskrit to English. Thus, on the basis of the laws of Manu, a law was formed for administering justice to non-Christian and non-Muslim Indians of the British dominion and this law was called as the Hindu law.
 
The principles of the book of Manu which was used for drafting the Hindu Law were called as Hinduism. The basic principle of the book of Manu is caste discrimination.
 
The name coined by Sir William Jones to denote caste discriminating principles is Hinduism. It is not a religion. It is a way of Life. It is the way of life of the Indus people.
 
In this a historic false perception crept in. That is, when they called the terms Christian Law, Muslim law and Hindu Law, both Christian Law and Muslim Law were associated with Christian religion and Islamic religion. But in respect of Hindu Law, a false perception of religion was wrongly attributed to it as if it was also associated with a ‘Hindu religion’ which was not there.
 
This false perception developed a false notion that non-Christian and non-Muslim Indian of the British dominion were belonging to Hindu religion.
 
Out of the five Indian religions, since Saivism and Vaishnavism were already enslaved to Varnashrama dharma i.e. caste discrimination or Hindutva, the people of India began to use the newly originated common name of ‘Hindu religion’ to denote Saivism and Vaishnavism. The context and substance of the term Hinduism or ‘Hindutva; coined by Sir William Jones is different from the context and substance of this term ‘Hindu religion’, which was substituted erroneously and used by the people to denote Saivism and Vaishnavism.
 
The orthodox believe in Varnashrama Dharma or caste discrimination. People of India wrongly believe that the Hinduism is an   ancient religion because they are unaware of the fact that Hinduism is not the Santana Dharma or Vedic religion.
 
People of   India has to liberated from the strangle hold of casteism to realize their original religion is not Hinduism which is full of different caste and creeds but Vedic religion or Santana Dharama . The people should be educated about the historic truth of the religion of Vedas. 

 

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People who are trying to getting to getting rid of the ego will never will be able to get rid of the ego because the ego is the product of the ignorance.

 

 

 
People who are trying to getting to getting rid of the ego will never will be able to get rid of the ego because the ego is the product of the ignorance. Ignorance will vanishes only whenwisdom dawns. Wisdom dawns only when the waking entity (you) realizes it itself is not the self but the self that (soul), which witnesses the coming and going of the three states without the physical apparatus. –FORMLESS PATH   
 
It is difficult to understand assimilate within a framework of some teaching or holding somephilosophy as a yardstick.  The seeker has to drop all our accumulated dross to understand and assimilate and realize the non-dualistic or Advaitic truth.  I am highlighting some scriptural citation only to show the seeker that the nondual sages themselves declare that scriptures, religion and idea of god are unimportant in pursuit of truth.  It is easier to understand, assimilate   and realize the ultimate truth or non-dualistic truth by rationalizing our views andunderstanding.   
 
There is only mind which is present in the form of universe. Thus the seeker has to investigatethe world that confronts him. 
 
The soul the innermost self is present in the form of consciousness. The soul is that which knows everything, that which sees. The soul, which is present in the form of consciousness alone remains after one gets rid of all thoughts and ideas by identification with self.
 
The soul or consciousness is only the seer; it is not Brahman that is an error. It becomes Brahman only after realization of truth.
 
Firstly, one has to realize the mind is not within the body but body and world are within the mind. Therefore all our practical life within the practical world is within the mind, which is in the form of universe. The universe appears as waking or dream (duality or mind) and disappears as deep sleep (nonduality or no mind).  Thus the waking entity is not the self. Theself is that which witnesses the coming and going of the three states.  The self is not an individual because it pervades in everything and everywhere in all the three states. Therefore our practical life within the practical world, which is based on individuality, is nothing to do with the self, which is ever formless.
 
One becomes aware of the fact that, the universe or mind, which appears and disappears, is only form and shape created out of consciousness and nothing else. The consciousness alone is positive proof and on the standpoint of the consciousness or soul as self, one becomes aware of the   falsity of this universe or mind, which is mere appearance. The one which appears as mind(universe) and disappears as no mind (soul) is consciousness alone. Therefore, the mind and soul are one in essence.  Without consciousness, which is the innermost self, the universe ceases to exist.
 
Mental analysis shows that, the existences of the formless witness, which witnesses the three states coming and going without a break. This, on closer analysis, is found to be thatchangeless, soul or consciousness itself.
 
There is only one Reality to be known, the same for all seekers, but the ways to it, are hidden bythe religion.  Self-discovery is the only way, towards non-dual Absolute without any religious doctrines, which will help the seekers to unfold the mystery of the illusion in which we all are searching the truth of our true existence.
 
The beliefs of god, religion, yoga are based on the false self, is nothing to do with the mental (inner) journey.   The religious, rituals, worships, prayers god and guru glorification may be useful in the worldly life, for those  ignorant  who believes their experience of  birth, life, death and the world as reality, but they are not useful tool in realizing the ultimate truth or Brahman. On the base of consciousness (soul) as self, everything other than the consciousness is mere mirage.  Thus, man and his experience of the world and his belief of God and religion are part and parcel of the mirage created out of consciousness. 
 
Arguing with believers is fruitless. Belief in tradition and scripture as if they were true orfactual quite clearly is delusion, but the payoff for holding such delusions is, for those who hold them, extremely compelling–the avoidance of the “wrath of God,” the hope of heaven or salvation, or the imagined “end of suffering.”
 
When Sage Sri, Sankara says the world is illusion, it includes birth, life and death, which happens within the world.  Thus seekers main aim is to mentally trace the formless substance of the illusion, which is also the witness of the illusion. The formless substance and witness of the illusion (world) is the Ataman, and this Ataman itself is Brahman.  This Brahman cannot be attained by indulging in egocentric religious orthodoxies. The knower of Brahman is Brahmin not the Brahmin who indulges in priest craft, which leads one to utter darkness as per Yajur Veda. 
 
 
The duality is present only when form, time and space are present. The form, time and space are one in essence. The ego, body and the world are one in essence.  That essence isconsciousness. Thus there is no division in consciousness in reality.  The thinker, thought and the world are one in essence (soul or consciousness). The one who has realized the soul is the true self will not see the illusory division even though he is in the midst of duality. 

 

 
A Gnani is fully aware of the fact that, his body, his ego and his experience of the world aremere mirage created out of consciousness whereas the ignorant thinks that, the experience of the birth, life, death and the world as reality. Because ignorant bases himself on the waking entity (ego), which is the false self within the false experience (waking).  

 

 
So long as one is in the realm of duality, one has to explain how or why one thing came from another; and contradictory views are expressed. But when a Gnani shows there is no second,there is no production, and the contradictions do not arise at all, when the ultimate thing is consciousness alone. Thus consciousness is ultimate truth or Brahman.
 
The dualists’ arguments are based on false self (ego or waking entity) and false experience (mind or waking or dream or universe)    to show the weakness of the position of dualistic view point.  They at their wits end to explain.
 
 Existence cannot be a cause and effect at the Same time, from the point of view of the duelists, but deeper self-search shows the Existent is no-two and causality can’t rise at all. Dualistictheory says that whatever was in the cause was also in the effect. They say that the gold brick, the gold medal, the gold ornaments –are in the seed–the gold. Deeper self-search reveals the fact that, if cause and effect are one what is the difference between the two?

 

 
The logic holds good for the practical purpose in the practical life (waking). Soul-centric reasoning leads to non- dualistic self-awareness.  

 

 

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Realize the real God right here right now.

 

 

 
The Soul (Atman) is God. Only those who have never tried to understand anything beyond form, time and space may say, “If God exists, why we cannot see Him?” A materialistic person may ask, “Can you show me God?” such question rises in the realm of duality.  The duality is the state of ignorance. The duality is present in the form mind. Mind is present in the form of universe. Universe appears as waking or dream (duality) and disappears as deep sleep (non-duality).  The individual experiences of birth, life, death and the world are within the waking experience.  The dream is parallel waking experience and waking is parallel dream.
 
One has to realize the fact that, it is not the waking entity (you) which witnesses the three states.  The formless soul is the witness of the coming and going of the three states. The soul is immutable. The soul is unaffected by the happening within the three states because the three states are mere mirage created out of the formless soul, which is present in the form of consciousness. The soul or consciousness is the innermost self.
 
Deeper self-search reveals the fact that the, self is neither the waking entity nor the self is the dream entity but the self is formless soul(Atman), which witnesses the coming and going of the three states in succession without the physical apparatus.  This has to be mentally grasped and assimilated to realize the formless soul, the innermost   self is nothing to do with the three states. On the standpoint of the formless soul, the innermost self, the three states are mere illusion.
 
The nature of the Atman (soul) is:-     
v  Witness
v  conscious
v  Without form and properties
v  eternal
v  pure
v  omniscient
v  unattached
 
In Vedas the God has been described as:-
v  Sakshi (Witness)
v  Chetan (conscious)
v  Nirguna (Without form and properties).
v  Nitya (eternal)
v  Shuddha (pure)
v  Buddha (omniscient)
v   Mukta (unattached).
 
Thus it refers to formless and attributeless God, which it the Atman (soul), the innermost self.  It indicates clearly all the Gods with form and attributes are mere imagination based on the false self.  Thus Atman or soul, the innermost self is God. Atman, the innermost self is present in the form of consciousness.
 
The consciousness is hidden deep within the three states. Consciousness is the witness that experiences the action, the actor, and the world of separate things. It is like a light that illuminates everything in a theatre, revealing the master of ceremonies, the guests, and the dancers with complete impartiality. Even when they all depart, the light shines to reveal their absence.
 
Everything is consciousness in the experience of diversity (waking or universe)?  The three states cease to exist without consciousness.  The man and his experience of the world    all are one in essence.
 
The whole universe in which we exist is created out of consciousness (soul or Atman), the innermost self. On the standpoint innermost self, the universe is mere illusion created out of consciousness.  Thus on the ultimate standpoint no second thing exists other than consciousness. Thus consciousness is ultimate truth or Brahman.  The Brahman is God.
 
Who else but the self could have imagined the objective world? Dualist sages see God as the imaginer, but where is the proof. Nobody has seen God creating the world. You have seen no other creator, whether God or angel. The only self is left. Therefore self is the creator because imagining means creating.
 
The dualists are egocentric. Thus they believe the duality (universe) as reality. The dualist imagines the existence of individualized God and Goddesses. Such Gods are reality within the illusion because man and his experience of the world itself is illusion from ultimate standpoint.
 
The God has meaning only in the realm of duality. In the realm of non-duality no second thing exist other than the consciousness.  Consciousness is existence. God is not an individual because the soul, which is present in the form of consciousness itself, is God.  Thus the soul or Atman itself is Brahman or GOD.
 
BRAHMAN -The English use of the word real as applied to material world, whereas Advaitins use it as applied to unseen Brahman (Atman or consciousness). Hence many errors have arisen in translations from the Sanskrit.
 
BRAHMAN- The word Brahman or Sat has no proper equivalent in English. The nearest is ultimate reality or ultimate truth. The west however applies reality to individual objects or to the multiplicity of them all: whereas we apply it to the non-duality. Brahman is called “That” because it is something not known yet by the seeker.
 
Yajur Veda indicates that:- They are enveloped in darkness, in other words, are steeped in ignorance and sunk in the greatest depths of misery who worship the uncreated, eternal prakrti — the material cause of the world — in place of the All-pervading God, But those who worship visible things born of the prakrti, such as the earth, trees, bodies (human and the like) in place of God are enveloped in still greater darkness, in other words, they are extremely foolish, fall into an awful hell of pain and sorrow, and suffer terribly for a long time.” (Yajur Veda 40:9.)
 
So, Yajur Veda indicates that:-
They sink deeper in darkness those who worship sambhuti. (Sambhuti means created things, for example table, chair, idol, human bodies etc. _(Yajurved 40:9)
 
Only ignorant who indulge individualized god and guru worship in place of the Atman the all-pervading God. They will be enveloped in darkness, in other words, are steeped in ignorance and sunk in the greatest depths of misery who worship idols of individualized God and goddesses and Guru (human bodies) in place of the All-pervading Atman (consciousness) is God. Thus holding other than Atman in place of god is an error.
 
Goudpada says that:- The merciful Veda teaches karma and Upasana to people of lower and middling intellect, while Jnana is taught to those of higher intellect.
 
Advaitic sages kept their supreme state of wisdom a secret. Atman is the formless, timeless and spaceless one all-pervading all the three states of waking, dream and deep sleep as their substance and witness. When one realizes Atman itself is ultimate reality or God then the religious propagated Gods and goddesses have no value. Realize the real God right here right now.
Sage, Sri, Sankara’ gave religious, ritual or dogmatic instruction to the mass but pure philosophy only to the few who could rise to it. Hence the interpretation of his writings by commentators is often confusing because they mix up the two viewpoints. Thus they may assert that ritual is a means of realizing Brahman, which is absurd.
 
This clearly indicates that religion, which is based on individual conduct, prescribes karma and Upasana to people of lower and middling intellect, therefore religion is for the lower intellect. And wisdom is for those are capable of inquiring into their own existence to know and realize the ultimate truth, which is Brahman.
 
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad:- The Self is indeed Brahman, but through ignorance people identify it with intellect, mind, senses, passions, and the elements of earth, water, air, space, and fire. This is why the Self is said to consist of this and that, and appears to be everything. 
 
Mundaka Upanishad :- The study of the Vedas, linguistics, Rituals, astronomy and all the arts Can be called lower knowledge. The higher Is that which leads to Self-realization. The eye cannot see it; mind cannot grasp it. The deathless Self has neither caste nor race, Neither eyes not ears nor hands nor feet. Sages say this Self is infinite in the great And in the small, everlasting and changeless, The source of life.
 
 Bhagavad Gita 14.27:- Brahman is considered the all-pervading consciousness, which is the basis of all the animate and inanimate entities and material. (brahmano hi pratisthaham,)
 
Sage Sri, Sankara’s notion of Maya, the cosmic illusion, which must be transcended in order to realize the truth of Brahman, which means ultimate truth.  
 
If Brahman is considered the all-pervading consciousness then, it is necessary to realize, the consciousness as self, which pervades all the three states, to realize the fact that, there is no second thing exists other the consciousness. Thus, consciousness (Ataman) is ultimate truth or Brahman.  
 
That which is beyond” form, time and space is consciousness. Not only does deeper self-search show that the universe we know is consciousness and consciousness is ultimate reality or Brahman, but even that which is now unknown, that which may be discovered in the future, and even that which is at present unknowable, cannot be other than consciousness. It is impossible to think of anything that exists that is not consciousness, just as it is impossible to think of that which is beyond thought as not being consciousness. Therefore deeper self-search covers everything comprehensively in its field of examination. That is why it gives truth, because if anything is not known; there will be doubt, hence not complete truth.
 
As indicated in ISH Upanishads: – By worshipping gods and goddesses you will go after death to the world of gods and goddesses. But will that help you? The time you spend there is wasted, because if you were not there you could have spent that time moving forward towards Self-knowledge, which is your goal. In the world of gods and goddesses you cannot do that, and thus you go deeper and deeper into darkness.
 
Attribute cannot stand without a substance; can anyone have the ice alone without the water? Dualists Sages says: – God cannot exist without attributes. But attributes are present only in the objective world. The objective world is mere illusion form ultimate standpoint.   Holding attributed god is holding the illusion as reality.
 
 The real God is without the attributes.  If one holds the attributed god then he makes God an object whereas God is the subject.
 
Attributes can only be seen in objective world.  Causality appears in the world, which is an object to the formless subject.  When one goes deeper self-search the causality disappears because the cause and effect are reality within the illusion. Therese is no illusion when the wisdom dawns because there is no second thing exist other than consciousness, which is the innermost self.  In the state of wisdom the self is in its own awareness.
 
It clearly indicates that:-If the human goal is to acquire Self-Knowledge or Brahma Gnana or Atma Gnana then why one has to indulge in rituals and glorifying the conceptual gods, goddesses and gurus to go in to deeper darkness. Instead   spend that time moving forward towards Self-knowledge, which is one’s prime goal.  
 
Anybody can write a commentary on the Upanishads and other great philosophic texts, all they need to do to pour out words. It is quite easy to do this even by those who have never understood the Upanishads but think they have. Thus the dualists have written commentaries on scriptures mixing the existence of individualized Gods and goddesses: But all these have written to satisfy themselves, not to get truth.
 
Dualists believed in a plurality of minds or selves and also in prakriti matter. The latter they thought ultimately existed in the form of particles similar to our atomic theory. But recent science has killed the atomic theory and matter has vanished with it. Hence modern dualists fear science and try to avoid it.
 
The dualist object: – If everything else is false than   the statement I am   Brahman is itself false, the but when one says nonduality is false, there must be the awareness, consciousness, behind the very statement. Death is certain. Thus physical existence is impermanent.  One has to rely upon that which is permanent.  Formless witness of the ‘I’ alone is permanent. Anything that one says is a witnessed (waking), but there is the formless witness (consciousness) there before any statement could be made.
 
Dualist or realists approach is more practical, and they stuck with the reality of the world (I), they take it as real.
 
The dualists or realists are unaware on what standpoint the world is real and on what standpoint the world is unreal.
 
The world is real because it is a manifestation of consciousness, but is unreal, in the sense, that it is not absolute and eternal like consciousness itself. Thus from the ultimate stand point the world is unreal. Therefore whatever seen, known, believed and experienced as person within the practical world is bound to be unreal from ultimate stand point because of their impermanence. And the formless substance and witness of the mind or universe is real and eternal.  
 
Even great thinkers show difference of opinion, let alone lesser folks what are we to do? We must cease wasting time on useless argument based on authorities and we must first find out the meaning of truth and go to facts and then only judge the various authorities.
 
Where people cannot and do not think, they follow others. A Gnani will see the world and get to know it is only appearance. He is not blind; he sees three states or objects as it is, but he knows it is only falsehood. Just as you see a mirage, the Gnani sees the mirage of this universe too; but he is not deceived by it. So long as one is ignorant, he will have the idea that God has created this world because the causal notion will be there. Nobody wants suffering, and while the notion that suffering can be got rid of by appealing to God these wishes will sway the mind to believe in God. For them religion will arise, but for the man who wants truth, religion offers no consolation.
 
That is why Sage Sri, Sankara said :-    VC-63. Without causing the objective universe to vanish and without knowing the truth of the Self, how is one to achieve Liberation by the mere utterance of the word Brahman? — It would result merely in an effort of speech.
 
65. As a treasure hidden underground requires (for its extraction) competent instruction, excavation, the removal of stones and other such things lying above it and (finally) grasping, but never comes out by being (merely) called out by name, so the transparent Truth of the self, which is hidden by Maya and its effects, is to be attained through the instructions of a knower of Brahman, followed by reflection, meditation and so forth, but not through perverted arguments.
 

 

Sage Sri,Sankara said:- Talk as much philosophy as you like, worship as many gods as you please, observe ceremonies and sing devotional hymns, but liberation will never come, even after a hundred aeons, without realizing the Oneness.
 
Consciousness is that which knows everything, that which sees. Consciousness alone remains after one gets rid of all thoughts and ideas by identification with self. Consciousness is only the seer; it is not Brahman that is an error. It becomes Brahman only after inquiry and reasoning. 

 
The ‘I ‘or mind or universe, waking or dream, duality are one and the same thing. Since, ‘I’ is identified as self all the confusion. And taking ‘I’ or ‘I AM’   as self is the cause of confusion. Taking ‘I’ or ‘I AM’ as self is blocking the realization of ultimate truth.  The ‘I’ or universe is an object to the formless subject. Thus it is necessary to include the universe in the inquiry to realize the unreal nature of the ‘I’ or universe.  

When the whole universe, movable and immovable, is known to be consciousness, which is the inner most self and thus the existence of everything else is negated, where is then any room to say that the body is the self. 

Without causing the objective universe to vanish and without knowing the truth of the Self, how is one to achieve.
 
Dualist or realists could not distinguish between ‘I’ and ‘formless witness.’  They take ‘I’ as self or witness. Their highest is to say ‘I AM THAT’ without verification. They are so much attached to the ‘I’ that they do not want to think that ‘I’ does not exist. Again one is unable to detach the ‘I’ from the Real witness, which is ever formless.
 
Dualists approach is more practical, and they stuck with the reality of the world, they take it as real. That is why all the confusion.
 
A dualist must remember: A person, who stamped his foot on the ground to refute to show the world, is real, ignore that in dream he would do exactly the same–stamp his dream foot on the ground and assert it to be real. 
 
The experiencing birth, life, death and the world are within the illusion.  Due to ignorance, the illusion is experienced as reality. The illusion is present in the form of ‘I’ or mind. Mind is present in the form of universe. Universe appears as waking or dream and disappears as deep sleep.   The three states are one in essence and that essence is consciousness. The consciousness (soul) is the innermost self. On the standpoint of the innermost self the three states are illusory.
 
Thus experiencing the birth, life, death and the world within the illusion (waking or universe) with the illusory self (waking entity or ego), within the illusory experience (waking), has to be illusion.
 
The illusion is created, and sustained, and finally dissolves as consciousness, which is the innermost Self.  Since, there is no second thing other than the consciousness (soul); the consciousness itself is ultimate truth or Brahman.   The one who has realized this truth for him this illusion is passing show because he is fully aware of the fact that his body, his ego and his experience of the world to be consciousness. Practical peoples approach is more practical, and they are stuck with the reality of the practical life within the practical world, they take it as real whereas Gnani sees   his body his ego and his experience of the world as consciousness.
 
We have to grow from the inside out. None can teach us, none can make us spiritual. There is no other guru but our own soul.”
Self-knowledge or Atma Gnana or Brahma Gnana cannot be attained by one who is without strength or earnestness or without the receptiveness and courage to accept the truth and reject the untruth. If a serious seeker strives sincerely by means of inquiry, analysis and soulcentric reasoning, he will be able to realize it.
It is only seekers sincerity and earnestness in his spiritual pursuit, the knowledge started revealing on its own.  Anyone who has humility and patience and is sincere and ready to drop their accumulated dross and receptive to accept the truth will enter nondual Self-Awareness when his conviction becomes firm.

 

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Yajurveda says: – If one who worships individualized God in place of real God is enveloped in still greater darkness

 

 

 
The mind is present in the form of the universe.  The universe appears as waking or dream. From the ultimate standpoint the universe is mere illusion. Whatever the universe contains is a mere illusion.  The whole illusion is created, sustained and finally dissolves as consciousness; therefore there is no second thing exits other than consciousness. Thus consciousness pervades in everything and everywhere in the all the three states. Hence it is non-dual.  Thus limiting the self to the waking entity or ego is the cause of the ignorance.  And ignorance is the cause of duality. Duality is the cause of experiencing the illusion as reality.
 
The ‘I ‘or mind or universe, waking or dream, duality are one and the same thing. Since, ‘I’ is identified as self all the confusion. And taking ‘I’ or ‘I AM’   as self is the cause of confusion. Taking ‘I’ or ‘I AM’ as self is blocking the realization of ultimate truth.  The ‘I’ or universe is an object to the formless subject. Thus it is necessary to include the universe in the inquiry to realize the unreal nature of the ‘I’ or universe. 
 
Dualist or realists could not distinguish between ‘I’ and ‘formless witness.’  They take ‘I’ as self or witness. Their highest is to say ‘I AM THAT’ without verification. They are so much attached to the ‘I’ that they do not want to think that ‘I’ does not exist. Again one is unable to detach the ‘I’ from the Real witness, which is ever formless.
 
When the whole universe, movable and immovable, is known to be consciousness, which is the inner most self and thus the existence of everything else is negated, where is then any room to say that the body is the self.
 
Without causing the objective universe to vanish and without knowing the truth of the Self, how is one to achieve.
 
The dualist object: – If everything else is false than   the statement I am   Brahman is itself false, the but when one says nonduality is false, there must be the awareness, consciousness, behind the very statement. You will also go, die. One has to rely upon that which is permanent.  Formless witness of the ‘I’ alone is permanent. Anything that one says is a witnessed (waking), but there is the formless witness (consciousness) there before any statement could be made.
 
Dualist or realists approach is more practical, and they stuck with the reality of the world (I), they take it as real.
 
The dualists or realists   are unaware on what standpoint the world is real and on what standpoint the world is unreal.
 
The world is real because it is a manifestation of consciousness, but is unreal, in the sense, that it is not absolute and eternal like consciousness itself. Thus from the ultimate stand point the world is unreal. Therefore whatever seen, known, believed and experienced as person within the practical world is bound to be unreal from ultimate stand point because of their impermanence. And the formless substance and witness of the mind or universe is real and eternal.  
 
Orthodoxy accepts the concept of god in many forms. Sages of truth declare the Atman is Brahman.  That is soul, which is in the form of consciousness is ultimate truth or Brahman.  That is ultimate truth is God.  And ultimate truth itself is worthy of Godhood. 
 
Sage Sri Sankara –VC–this entire universe which through ignorance appears as of diverse forms, is nothing else but Brahman which is absolutely free from all the limitations of human thought
 
“It is this Supreme Oneness which alone is real, since there is nothing else but the Self. Verily, there remains no other independent entity in the state of realization of the highest Truth.”
 
Brahman is considered the all-pervading consciousness which is the basis of all the animate and inanimate entities and material. (brahmano hi pratisthaham, Bhagavad Gita 14.27)
 
 
That is why Swami Vivekananda:-
The masses in India cry to sixty million gods, and still die like dogs. Where are these gods?

 Knowing this, stand up and fight! Not one step back that is the idea. … Fight it out, whatever comes. Let the stars move from the sphere! Let the whole world stand against us! Death means only a change of garment. What of it? Thus fight! You gain nothing by becoming cowards. … Taking a step backward, you do not avoid any misfortune. You have cried to all the gods in the world. Has misery ceased? The masses in India cry to sixty million gods, and still die like dogs. Where are these gods? … The gods come to help you when you have succeeded. So what is the use? Die game. … This bending the knee to superstitions, this selling yourself to your own mind does not befit you, my soul. You are infinite, deathless, birthless. Because you are infinite spirit, it does not befit you to be a slave. … Arise! Awake! Stand up and fight! Die if you must. There is none to help you. You are the entire world. Who
 can help you?  Swami Vivekananda  
(Delivered In San Francisco, on May 28, 1900) -The Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda/Volume 1/Lectures And Discourses/The Gita II
 
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad :- The Self is indeed Brahman, but through ignorance people identify it with intellect, mind, senses, passions, and the elements of earth, water, air, space, and fire. This is why the Self is said to consist of this and that, and appears to be everything. 
 
Yajurveda says: –If one who worships individualized God in place of real God is enveloped in still greater darkness, in other words, they are extremely foolish, fall into an awful hell of pain and sorrow, and suffer terribly for a long time.”  Therefore, worship of individualized God and goddesses and gurus are barred by Vedas.    
 
Translation 1.
 
They enter darkness, those who worship natural things (for example air, water, sun, moon, animals, fire, stone, etc).
They sink deeper in darkness those who worship sambhuti. (Sambhuti means created things, for example table, chair, idol etc.) -(Yajurved 40:9)
 
Translation 2.
 
“Deep into shade of blinding gloom fall asambhuti’s worshippers. They sink to darkness deeper yet who on sambhuti are intent.(“Yajurveda Samhita by Ralph T. H. Giffith pg 538)
 
Translation 3.
 
“They are enveloped in darkness, in other words, are steeped in ignorance and sunk in the greatest depths of misery who worship the uncreated, eternal prakrti — the material cause of the world — in place of the All-pervading God, But those who worship visible things born of the prakrti, such as the earth, trees, bodies (human and the like) in place of God are enveloped in still greater darkness, in other words, they are extremely foolish, fall into an awful hell of pain and sorrow, and suffer terribly for a long time.” (Yajur Veda 40:9.)
 
So, Yajur Veda indicates that:- They sink deeper in darkness those who worship sambhuti. (Sambhuti means created things, for example table, chair, idol etc _(Yajurved 40:9)
 
Those who worship visible things born of the prakrti, such as the earth, trees, bodies (human and the like) in place of God are enveloped in still greater darkness, in other words, they are extremely foolish, fall into an awful hell of pain and sorrow, and suffer terribly for a long time.” (Yajur Veda 40:9.)
 
The Hindus believed in polytheism, believing all of their Gods to be separate individuals, which were introduced much later by the founders of Hinduism which contains diverse beliefs caste and creed. 
 
 When the religion of the Veda knows no idols then why so many gods and goddesses with different form and name are being propagated as Vedic gods. Why these conceptual gods are introduced when Vedic concept of god is free from form and attributes.
 
Who introduced concept of god with attributes and attributeless gods, when Yajur Veda says: –   those who worship visible things, born of the prakrti, such as the earth, trees, bodies (human and the like), in place of God are enveloped in still greater darkness. Therefore, all these add-ons proves that the form and attribute based concepts are introduced by some sages of the past with new belief system and code of conducts in the name of Vedas. 
 
It clearly indicates that:-If the human goal is to acquire Self-Knowledge or Brahma Gnana or Atma Gnana then why one has to indulge in rituals and glorifying the conceptual gods and goddesses to go in to deeper darkness. Instead   spend that time moving forward towards Self-knowledge, which is one’s prime goal.  
 
Since it is eternal and infinite, it comprises the only truth. The goal of Vedic religion, through the various yogas, is to realize that the consciousness (Atman) is actually nothing but Brahman.
 
The Vedic pantheon of gods is said, in the Vedas and Upanishads, to be only higher manifestations of Brahman. For this reason, – “ekam sat” (all is one), and all is Brahman.
 
Thus, the goal is to realize Atman (consciousness).  If Atman (consciousness) is nothing but Brahman and by realizing Atman (consciousness) as Brahman (ultimate truth) is truth realization or Self-Realization , then there is no need to follow religion, study scripters or glorifying gods and gurus and  follow the path of doubts and confusion by losing oneself in the labyrinths of philosophy, when there is an easier path.  By mentally tracing the source of the mind from where it rises and subsides one becomes aware of the fallacy of the mind, which rises as waking or dream and subsides as deep sleep.  The mind raises form consciousness and subsides as consciousness.
 
Sruti is made the final or exclusive authority in apara Vidya and that for supporting the tenet of the CAUSAL relation or creatorship of Brahman,  Nirguna Brahman = the “Absolute beyond qualities,” which can be defined only in a negative way. For the Shankarian school = the Ultimate Reality, higher than the Lord. i.e. of Saguna or apara Brahman … The support of Scriptural Revelation is, therefore, absolutely necessary for this hypothesis of cosmology, this Saguna or apara (= inferior) Brahman, but not for the absolute truth of Nirguna Brahman.  The Sruti itself says: “This Atma is NOT to be attained by a study of the Vedas (Katha Upanishad I, 2, 23.
 
Therefore, all the add-ons and attribute based knowledge, which are inferior, have to be bifurcated and excluded to know the ultimate truth. 
 
Gaudapada says that:- The merciful Veda teaches karma and Upaasana to people of lower and middling intellect, while Jnana is taught to those of higher intellect.
 
Mundaka Upanishad :- The study of the Vedas, linguistics, Rituals, astronomy and all the arts Can be called lower knowledge. The higher Is that which leads to Self-realization. The eye cannot see it; mind cannot grasp it. The deathless Self has neither caste nor race, Neither eyes not ears nor hands nor feet. Sages say this Self is infinite in the great And in the small, everlasting and changeless, The source of life.
 
Sage, Sri, Sankara’ gave religious, ritual or dogmatic instruction to the mass but pure philosophy only to the few who could rise to it. Hence the interpretation of his writings by commentators is often confusing because they mix up the two viewpoints. Thus they may assert that ritual is a means of realizing Brahman, which is absurd.
 
This clearly indicates that religion, which is based on individual conduct, prescribes karma and Upaasana to people of lower and middling intellect, therefore religion is for the lower intellect. And wisdom is for those are capable of inquiring into their own existence to know and realize the ultimate truth, which is Brahman.
 
Brahman is considered the all-pervading consciousness, which is the basis of all the animate and inanimate entities and material. (brahmano hi pratisthaham, Bhagavad Gita 14.27)
 
Sri, Sankara’s notion of Maya, the cosmic illusion, must be transcended in order to realize the truth of Brahman, which means ultimate truth.  
 
If Brahman is considered the all-pervading consciousness then, it is necessary to realize, the consciousness as self, which pervades all the three states, to realize the fact that, there is no second thing exists other the consciousness. Thus, consciousness (Ataman) is ultimate truth (Brahman).  
 
As indicated in ISH Upanishads: – By worshipping gods and goddesses you will go after death to the world of gods and goddesses. But will that help you? The time you spend there is wasted, because if you were not there you could have spent that time moving forward towards Self-knowledge, which is your goal. In the world of gods and goddesses you cannot do that, and thus you go deeper and deeper into darkness.
 
It clearly indicates that:-If the human goal is to acquire Self-Knowledge or Brahma Gnana or Atma Gnana  then why one has to indulge in rituals and glorifying the conceptual gods, goddesses and gurus to go in to deeper darkness. Instead   spend that time moving forward towards Self-knowledge, which is one’s prime goal.  
 
Since it is eternal and infinite, it comprises the only truth. The goal of Vedic religion, through the various yogas, is to realize that the consciousness (Atman) is actually nothing but Brahman.
 
Upanishads :They alone in this world are endowed with the highest wisdom who are firm in their conviction of the sameness and birthlessness of Ataman. The ordinary man does not understand their way. (Chapter IV — Alatasanti Prakarana 95-P-188 in Upanishads by Nikilanada)
 
Therefore, if one is seeking truth he has to know his true self is not physical but it is the At- man, which is present in the form of consciousness. 
 
Self-knowledge or Brahma Gnana or Atma Gnana cannot be attained by study of the Vedas and intellectual understanding or by bookish knowledge.  Therefore there is no use of studying the Vedas and other scriptures in order to acquire the non-dual wisdom.  That is why Buddha rejected the scriptures, and even Sage Sri, Sankara indicated that, the ultimate truth lies beyond religion, concept of god and scriptures.
 
There is only one Reality to be known, the same for all seekers, but the ways to it, are hidden by the religion.  Self-discovery is the only way, towards non-dual Absolute without any religious doctrines, which will help the seekers to unfold the mystery of the illusion in which we all are searching the truth of our true existence.
 
The beliefs of god, religion, yoga are based on the false self, is nothing to do with the mental (inner) journey.   The religious, rituals, worships, prayers god and guru glorification may be useful in the worldly life, for those  who believes in the birth, life, death and the world as reality, but they are not useful tools in realizing the ultimate truth. On the base of consciousness (soul) as self, everything other than the consciousness is mere mirage.  Thus, man and his experience of the world and his belief of god and religion are part and parcel of the mirage created out of consciousness.  

 

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Upanishada:- They alone in this world are endowed with the highest wisdom who are firm in their conviction of the sameness and birthlessness of Atman

 

The path of truth is straight. One travels from illusion to reality  by proper understanding of the nature of the mind. That is by analyzing, “What is mind (‘I’)?” and “What is the substance of the mind (‘I’)?” and “What is the source of the mind?” This implies understanding of its source from where the mind rises and subsides. One has to proceed systematically through deeper inquiry, analysis and reasoning. There was no mind in deep sleep. The mind is there only when there is waking or dream. Thus, the mind must have the source from where it rises and subsides. The source must, inferentially, be said to an energizing source for one wakes up refreshed, and recalls the repose enjoyed during sleep. Nobody likes to miss sleep even for a day. The source is pure consciousness without the objective awareness for this daily rejuvenation.
 
Surly the source must be from within the mind, which rises and subsides as waking or dream. There is no break in identity between all the three states, since the real identity, which is aware of all the three states, which appear and disappear, is succession. Therefore, the physical entity within the waking or dream is not a true self. Limiting the self to the physical entity within the waking experience, viewing, and judging the truth on the base of the false entity, which is limited to waking experience alone, is the cause of the ignorance. Ignorance is cause of experiencing the duality (illusion) as reality.
 
As one goes deeper investigation he becomes aware of the fact that,  the source is the formless soul from where the waking or dream rises and subsides and becomes one with the formless soul. the mind and its substence and its source are one in essence. That essence is formless soul,which is present in the form of consciousness.

People are not aware of the fact that there is no God can exist, apart from soul, the innermost self. If there is no soul, then there is no body, the world and their belief of god. They think that there must be a creator of this universe. If one thinks ’I’ as self, then there is a creator, but if one thinks the formless soul as the true Self, then there is nothing exists other than the soul, which is in the form of consciousness.

If one objectifies and sees a universe, then he is bound to see many things beside himself and postulate a God, the creator. Body, God and world rise and set together from, and into, the formless soul. If God is apart from the soul, the innermost self  then He would be Self-less, that is, outside existence, that is, non-existent.

 
Katha Upanishad says:- Fools dwelling in darkness, but thinking themselves wise and erudite, go round and round, by various tortuous paths, like the blind led by the blind.(Upanishads NikhilanandaCh II-5 P-14)
 
It indicates that the one who is ignorant (darkness) of the true self (formless witness or soul) searches truth by accumulating knowledge of every path and practice and uncertain about the truth, and thinks every path leads towards reality. The ignorance of the true self leads one towards unreality or hallucination.
 
Katha Upanishad: –This Atman cannot be attained by the study of the Vedas, or by intelligence, or by much hearing of sacred books. It is attained by him alone whom It chooses. To such a one Atman reveals Its own form.(Ch-II -23-P-20)

All that is intellectual wealth, useful in explaining the doubts and difficulties if others raise them if you yourself encounter them in the course of thinking. But to attain realization, all that is not necessary. You want fresh water to drink, but you do not require all the water of the river Ganges to quench your quest.

 
 Upanishada:-They alone in this world are endowed with the highest wisdom who are firm in their conviction of the sameness and birthlessness of Atman. The ordinary man does not understand their way. (Chapter IV — Alatasanti Prakarana 95-P-188 in  upanishd by Nikilanada)
 
All that is intellectual wealth, useful in explaining the doubts and difficulties if others raise them if you yourself encounter them in the course of thinking. But to attain realization, all that is not necessary.
 
 All that is intellectual wealth, useful in explaining the doubts and difficulties if others raise them if you yourself encounter them in the course of thinking. But to attain realization, all that is not necessary.
 
This passage indicates the fact that everything is the soul or consciousness. The one who views and judges the worldview on the base of his birth entity  will not realize the fact that, the man including the world is created sustained and finally dissolves as consciousness(soul). This soul(consciousness) alone is, and all else is a mirage.
 
Thus, Self-knowledge or Brahma Gnana or Atma Gnana is the aim of every human being. Since everyone thinks, the physical body is the self their aim is misdirected and they focus their attention on materiality, which makes one feel the duality (waking) as reality.
 
 By focusing more attention on soul  by constantly reflecting on the  the soul, the conviction grows and becomes firmer and the duality will fade away as non-dualistic  reality. Atman (spirit or consciousness) which is one’s true identity. the soul  will prevail as a birth-less and deathless, eternal identity when the wisdom dawns. the soul,which is present in the form of consciousness is the formless    substance and witness of the mirage called duality (waking or dream).
 
Therefore, there is no need to study the scriptures, or indulge in God and Guru glorification or performing religious rituals in pursuit of truth. Since, they are not the means to acquire Self-knowledge or Brahma Gnana or Atma Gnana. It is only a waste of time and effort to indulge in those things.
 
There is no need of guru , the self itself is guru if one focuses his attention on the self then the guidance will come on its own then he will be able to reach his non-dual destination.
 

 

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Jesus said, “Those who seek should not stop seeking until they find.

 

 
 
Buddha, Sri, Sankara and Sri, Goudpada have declared non-dual truth centuries back but one has to reach the destination with scientific (rational) investigation not through scholastic knowledge or intellectuality. Until one mentally reaches the conclusion, the conviction will not arise. Without the firm conviction the wisdom will not dawn. Therefore, there is a need to know consciousness is real all else is myth, which Sage Sri, Sankara declared as the world is myth Brahman alone is real.
 
 
Jesus said, “Those who seek should not stop seeking until they find. When they find, they will be disturbed. When they are disturbed, they will marvel, and will reign over all. (And after they have reigned they will rest.)”

 

When the seeker indulges in deeper self-search becomes aware of the fact that, the experience of birth, life, death and the world are mere illusion created out of spirit, he  will be in fear of losing their physical identity  and the experience of the world which  he dearly attached.   But gradually his conviction grows about the innermost self the mid becomes still and rests in consciousness, the innermost self, which is God or Christ.  

 

The soul, the innermost self has to be free from experiencing the duality as reality.  To overcome the duality, the waking entity has to know it itself is not the self, but the self is the soul, which witnesses coming and going of the three states.  Thus self-knowledge or Brahma Gnana or Atma Gnana is necessary to realize ‘what is truth’ and ‘what is untruth’ to reject the untruth by accepting the truth.  
 
Lust, anger, greed are part of the duality. From the ultimate standpoint the duality is mere illusion. If duality is mere illusion than the form, time and space are mere illusion. If form, time and space are mere illusion than the universe is mere illusion. If the universe is mere illusion, than the three states are mere illusion. If the three states are mere illusion than   the experience of birth, life, death and the world are mere illusion.  If birth, life, death and the world are mere illusion than the individualized god, heaven, hell, sin, and karma are part of the illusion.   Therefore it is necessary to realize ‘what is illusion’ and ‘what is reality’ in order to get freedom from falsehood.   
 
‘WHO AM I?’  inquiry unfold the fallacy of the form thus only half the truth is revealed. The ignorant who fail to apprehend the ‘self’ are caught in the web of illusion experience, the birth, life, death and world as reality.  The people who think the ‘I’ or ‘I AM’ as self are caught up in the web of duality and they  experience the pain and pleasure as reality.     
 
As the waking entity or ego becomes more and more inward turned, it becomes gradually free from experiencing the duality as reality.  When the soul, the innermost self becomes freed from all the obstruction by fully eliminating the ignorance it remains in its own awareness.  When the soul, remains in its own awareness in the midst of duality then the duality is mere illusion created out of the soul, which is present in the form of consciousness.
 
So long the soul, the innermost self identifies itself with the waking entity it remains in ignorance of its formless nondual true nature. Therefore it is necessary to realize the fact that, the ‘self’ is neither the waking entity nor the ‘self’ is dream entity but the self is the formless soul, which witnesses the coming and going of the three states.
 
Just as the sun is the direct cause of the daylight, so without the self-knowledgeor Bramha Gnana or Atma Gnana  no emancipation can be had. Compared to all other forms discipline, the  Self-knowledge or Bramha Gnana or Atma Gnana is the only direct means for freedom from experiencing the illusion as reality.
 
Only when the wisdom dawns the soul, the innermost self can remain in its own awareness in the midst of duality.  

 

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